Graph by Dr. Tmanova
This is supplementary information help to journal club at the Radiology and Radiological Sciences department.
Think in an evidence-based way - ASSESS, ASK, AQUIRE, APPRAISE, APPLY
P - Patient Information (e.g., patient, population)
I - Intervention (e.g., medical, surgical, other)
C- Comparison (e.g., alternative, other)
O - Outcome (e.g., clinical outcome)
T - Time (e.g., follow-up time)
Therapy - the validity of the preventative or therapeutic effect, validity results (e.g., RCT), applicability for patient care. Also, to determine the effect of medical, surgical, or preventative interventions on patient-important outcomes (e.g., symptoms, function) (LHH, RRR, ARR, NNT, OR)
Study types: RCT
Diagnosis - the validity of the diagnostic study, the applicability of diagnostic test for patient care (sensitivity, specificity, precision, likelihood ration) (LR, OR)
Study types: prospective, blind controlled trial comparison to a gold standard
Prognosis - the validity of the study results, the importance of the results, the applicability of results for patient care (determining the prognostic course)
Study types: cohort study, case-control, case series, or case report
Etiology/Harm - the validity of harm study, the importance of the results, treatment course (NNH, PEER)
Study types: RCT, case-control, cohort studies
Formulate study research question into searchable question for exploration of published scholarly literature
! Note: additional resources are at the designing phase.
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