From: Sackett, DL. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM.
General questions or background questions ask for basic knowledge about an illness, disease, condition, test, process or thing. These types of questions typically ask who, what, where, when, how & why about things like a disorder, test, or treatment, etc.
These types of questions are best answered by medical textbooks, point-of-care tools (e.g. DynaMed Plus, Essential Evidence Plus, Lexicomp, OvidMD), and narrative review articles.
A well-built clinical foreground question should have at least 4 components. The PICO model is a helpful tool that assists you in organizing and focusing your foreground question into a searchable query.
Does CBT have a better effect than drug therapy on improving sleep in military members with PTSD experiencing insomnia?
Do antibiotics help children with colds? *It leaves us with a lot of questions and feels more like a topic.
Contact your clinical librarian: Emily Shohfi
A lit search is searching a database for targeted results on your topic
Results will typically be delivered as a list or link to citations
Other related pieces to lit searching:
My NCBI allows you to save searches, save collections of citations, manage filters, and save site preferences for major NCBI databases in PubMed.
We recommend setting up a free account (you don't have to use your @mail.mil address) so you can have personalized features, such as the links to full text results, highlighting of your search results, and the abstracts displayed when you search rather than just the summaries of articles.
Once you've created an account, go to the Filters box, click on "Manage Filters" and then select "Link Out". In the box, type in "Darnall" and check off both the boxes for filter and link icon. Next, in the search box, type in "Free Full Text," and check off the box for "filter."
Now you can go back to the top of the screen and click on "MyNCBI" again to customize your results display. Choose "NCBI Site Preferences" then, on the next page, change your highlighting preferences to a color of your choice (it is probably default to a non-color), and your "result display setting" to "abstract" and whichever number you choose instead of summary. You're all set and ready to search!
Emily Shohfi, MLIS, AHIP
Building 1, Room 3456
Currently available through situational telework
Request lit searches, help for patient care, questions related to EBM, and more
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To be linked to WRNMMC's journal article holdings (so you see the Locate@Darnall option), you should click on Settings in Google Scholar. Once you've clicked Settings, look to the left sidebar and click on Library Links. Look up Walter Reed National Military Medical Center - Locate@Darnall.
For an A-Z list of all of the library's databases, please go to the library's Databases page.
Darnall Medical Library | Walter Reed NMMC | Building 1, Room 3458 | 8955 Wood Road | Bethesda, MD 20889 | 301-295-1184/85 | Open Monday-Friday, 0700-1730
After-hours access to the library is available to WRNMMC Staff via the CDO at 301-295-4611.