Research is “a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.”
45 CFR 46.102(d)
Research is a systematic process of collecting and analyzing information in order to increase our understanding of the phenomenon about which we are interested.
Scientific research and scholarly communication are governed by principles of scientific integrity and shared values in scientific research. The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) oversees and directs Public Health Service (PHS) research integrity activities on behalf of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, with the exception of the regulatory research integrity activities of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Below are educational resources from ORI on human subject research, research misconduct, conflict of interests and commitment, and teaching responsible conduct of research in humans.
Graph by Dr. Tmanova
Research process includes following phases of conducting research:
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