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Academic Research: Writing Guidelines

Academic Research
  Selected Books
   Selected Journals
  Authorship Guideline

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommends determination of the authorship using criteria:

  • Substantial contributions to the conception and design, acquisition, analysis, and interpretation of data.
  • Drafting and revising it critically for significant intellectual content.
  • Approving the final version to be published.
  • Accepting accountability addressing and resolving any issues about integrity of the research study.



Plagiarism Tools

  • Ithenticate - licensed plagiarism detection software for researchers, publishers, and scholars
  • Turnitin - licensed plagiarism detection software for students 
  • Plagiarism Checker - free software for writing and plagiarism detection 
  • Plagly - free plagiarism checker for students 
  • Scribbl - plagiarism checker for students 

Additional information on free plagiarism plagiarism software comparison at Scibbl. 

  Information for Authors


Authors guidelines 

Additional information on article publication at the Article Publication library guide.


  Publication Standards Resources


Writing style template

Graphics creation, formatting, editing 

  • MS World
  • Excel
  • R

Citation creation, style, formatting

Plagiarism check and duplication

  • Crossmark - information on access and status (corrections, updates, retractions) of published literature 
  • Cross-Ref - detect identity of publications published by publisher 
  • DOI - digital object identifier provides information on articles published by journals 
  • Plagiarism detection tools (e.g. Itheticate, Plagiarism Checker, Turnitin, and other)
  • Copyright 
  • Creative Common Licenses 
  • Copyright transfer agreement 
  • Requesting permission


Cover letter

Abstract writing 

  • Descriptive - abstract consisted of information without description of major facts or results 
  • Informative - structured abstract consisted of introduction, methods, results, and conclusions
  • Unstructured - paragraph style abstract 

Grammar, spelling, punctuation




  • Data Analysis information and tools (library guide)

Data Policies 



  Writing Resources


Writing & Editing Software 

  • Overleaf LaTeX - free software for the technical and scientific writing 
  • ProWritingAid - writing and editing software (require subscription) 
  • Grammarly - free and licensed writing and editing software 
  • Writers Diet - free online tool on writing readability
  • The Hemingway Editor -  free online application used to assess the readability and writing style.

    Note that the use of digital tools as help in writing and editing might result in over-simplification, choppy sentences and require an understanding of the research and study principles, which might disagree with the digital tools' results.


  • CARE Writer - online application useful for organization and formatting of case report 
  DoD Manuscript Submission Requirements

Memorandum for Public Access to the Results of Department of Defense-Funded Research states on an increased access to unclassified and peer-reviewed scholarly publications of federally-funded research to enhance science and economy. "DoD Public Access Policy applies to any published, peer-reviewed scholarly publication and digital scientific data us publicly releasable and arises from any direct funding from DoD funding that is consistent with applicable law, policy, agency mission, and resource constrains." Peer-reviewed journal manuscripts are submitted to Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) upon acceptance for publication. More information about the submission at the Defense Technical Information Center.

Public Access to the Results of Department of Defense-Funded Research. 
White House Office of Science and Technology Policy memorandum, "Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research," February 22, 2013. 

  Selected Articles



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