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Academic Research: Literature Review

Academic Research
  What is Literature Review?


There are various types of literature reviews that differ in their purpose, approach, and analysis of published studies. The most rigorous reviews are Systematic Review and Mata-Analysis Review. Other literature reviews based on methodology (search, appraisal, synthesis, and analysis) are:

  • Critical Review - extensive analysis of  published literature and critically appraised to evaluate the quality of the published research and hypothesis development. 
  • Rapid Review - review of published literature about policy or practice issues using the systematic reviews methodology for literature search and critical appraisal
  • Scoping Review - preliminary analysis of literature to identify the research gaps in published literature and potential exploration for research development. 
  • State-of-the-Art Review - analysis of published literature to study new perspective on studied issues and guide the development of new potential research. 
  • Literature Review - analysis of current published research articles in the researched discipline. Literature review comprises the review of published research and often is included in a thesis chapter of literature review.

Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91-108. 

  Literature Review Consultation


Literature Review consultations are offered to WRNMMC post-graduate trainees for study and writing literature review. 

Literature review is an analysis of published literature on relevant topics for a comprehensive summary of studied research through research description, analysis of main ideas, identification and discussion of gaps in the field, evaluation of research contribution to a studied topic, and to develop future research. Writing literature reviews require a comprehensive analysis of literature on studied topics for the development of the research, synthesis of published research, analysis of relevant theoretical and conceptual research, writing a literature annotated bibliography, a review outline, a draft, and reviewing and editing a literature review draft.

Guidance on planning literature review, research development, literature analysis and synthesis, and writing literature review draft are provided during consultations.

Planning Literature Review Research Development 
  • writing a literature review.
  • literature review writing process.
  • development of the topic for literature review.
  • selection of journals for publication.
  • identify information on journal submission guidelines.


  • identification of literature resources and electronic literature search databases.
  • development of the topic for literature review.
  • development of literature search strategy.
  • conduction of literature review in electronic databases and literature management.
Literature Analysis & Synthesis  Writing Literature Review 


  • literature analysis and synthesis (published research, theories, and concepts).
  • development of a literature review draft and coherent essay.
  • citation management and citation styles.
  • writing the review outline.
  • writing a draft of a literature review.
  • editing the literature reviews and submission for publication.

If you have questions about the hypothesis-driven literature search and need guidance with writing literature reviews, please contact informationist, Dr. Tmanova. To request a consultation on hypothesis-driven analysis of literature for study development and writing literature reviews, please submit the Literature Review and Literature Informatics requests. 


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