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Academic Research: Information Management

Academic Research

The Information Management library guide is a subset of the Literature Informatics library guide. This guide lists starting information resources and tools for analysis and critical appraisal of information resources to enhance a scientific inquiry and accelerate scientific discoveries.

  Information Management

Information management is a process supporting scientist's research and learning characterized by identifying information and information sources, gathering, classifying, storing, and processing information (e.g., scholarly publications), evaluating, and critically appraising information and information sources to create and share scientific information. L Tmanova

Adapted from Choo, 1995. Choo, C.W. (2002). Information Management for the Intelligent Organization: The Art of Scanning the Environment (3rd ed.). Medford, NJ: Information Today, Inc.

  Understanding Information

Cycle of a scientific information 

  • data
  • information
  • knowledge
  • understanding
  • wisdom

Adapted from Ackoff (1989) 

Key concepts in Information and Knowledge Management 

  • Knowledge Management Cognitive Pyramid 


Image by Wikipedia DIKW pyramid


Consultations are conducted using DoD's Microsoft Teams. To request consultation on managing citation and information, please submit a request:


Citation Management
This lecture introduces the fundamentals of citation management. 

Research Data Management
This lecture introduces a concept of data-driven research, research data management, data management planning for grant proposals, and DoD biomedical research and data policy.

DML Courses information literacy, scientific communication, and subject-specific instructions and lectures.

Note that due to the pandemic crisis, on-site library courses and lectures are not scheduled. Lectures are conducted using the DoD's Commercial Virtual Remote Environment Microsoft Teams

  Selected Publication


  • Austin, Peter C., and Meredith A. Goldwasser. 2008. "Pisces did not have Increased Heart Failure: Data-driven Comparisons of Binary Proportions between Levels of a Categorical Variable can Result in Incorrect Statistical Significance Levels." Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 61, no. 3: 295-300.
  • Austin, Peter C., Muhammad M. Mamdani, David N. Juurlink, and Janet E. Hux. 2006. "Testing Multiple Statistical Hypotheses Resulted in Spurious Associations: a Study of Astrological Signs and Health." Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 59, no. 9: 871-2.
  • Baskarada, Sasa and Andy Koronios. 2013. "Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom (DIKW): A Semiotic Theoretical and Empirical Exploration of the Hierarchy and its Quality Dimension." Australasian Journal of Information Systems 18, no. 1, 5-24. 
  • Bates, Marcia J. 2005. "Information and Knowledge: an Evolutionary Framework for Information Science." Information Research 10 (4): paper 239.


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